Law infrastructure between politics and economics
Sunday 09/23/2012 07:50 AM
Majid picture : has raised Act infrastructure considerable hype talked deputies, politicians and officials in the state apparatus and specialize economic affairs, political, unfortunately that most debates do not affect the essence of the subject, and free from the perception of the economic situation overall, and talk about the political motives, from personal and factional interests and conflicts between the political blocs, between support and miscarriage. There is no doubt that the issue of Iraq's infrastructure is an important basis for economic development
And human and social development. , Have been put law and manner of implementation in an exaggerated manner, approaching the ideal, and that he magic key to solve all economic and social problems, and the problem of administrative and financial corruption, and the problem of services provided to citizens, and to the various economic sectors, productivity and service, has been forgotten all past promises, which was launched earlier in the meetings and public statements, about solving the problem of electricity and the fight against corruption and other problems faced by the Iraqi economy.
We have confirmed the report of the Board of Supreme Audit that there is a surplus accumulated until the end of 2009 up to $ 50 billion, and it is known that the financial management and public debt, do not allow turning the amounts not spent in the fiscal year specified in the budget to the following year. It is noted that these surpluses include operating expenses and investment.
Read More Link on Right
The laws were passed the state budget for the years 2010 - 2012 the possibility of recycling is part of the investment expenditure to subsequent budgets, but that there is no reference to the size of these amounts or projects that have been recycled in any subsequent balancing of budgets approved by the House of Representatives. Is actually spend these amounts on the same project? Will the investigation into the causes of failure of these projects achievement of physical and financial terms?
If we look at the budget in 2011, the size of the amounts received from oil imports only amounted to $ 83 billion, excluding other resources received through taxes, fees and sale of non financial assets, and imports the public sector and grants, which amounted to forecast up to $ 4.5 billion, with the knowledge that each the expenditure side in the same budget does not exceed 80.5 billion dollars, meaning that there is a surplus of up to $ 7 billion even if implement budget fully its provisions, including the items expected to be covered by the planned deficit.
All this demonstrates that there surpluses important budgets actual Iraqi state, and therefore must achieve the principle of transparency and disclosure, in order to know the financial base on which it stands Iraq, and knowing the size of the excess funds that have not spent, before the decision to resort to borrowing from companies for the implementation of the Law on infrastructure. In addition to the presence of illegal use of Iraqi funds only report of the Board of Supreme Audit There are about $ 6.5 billion has been withdrawn government until 2009 without the presence of an interview in allocations mentioned budgets. Although there are huge amounts of money in each budget earmarked for emergency expenses.
Do not forget the money spent on electricity, which amounted to $ 37 billion, of which 21 billion to invest in this area, which was supposed to raise production capacity by 21 to 25 thousand megawatts, in addition to the productive capacity that we inherited, amounting to 5.5 thousand megawatts. Will parliament will pass a law infrastructure, without knowing the money available and the financial base that stands by Iraq and determine how to dispose of them, and how long standing parliament unable to apply the principle of transparency and disclosure in the budgets of Iraq since its first and so far?
Certainly that many countries could resort to internal and external borrowing for the implementation of economic plans. Has reached China's internal loans alone more than 1.2 trillion dollars until the end of the first half of 2012, but among the achievements of the significant growth in the gross domestic product (GDP), so she was able to shift its economy from a backward to the second economy in the world earlier this European countries and Japan. All that check the existence of political will and clear, and within the visions and a clear strategy, and plans a long, medium and short, being implemented accurately, subject to oversight and accountability, and linked to the objectives and results of physical, financial and human, in a specific time period, so that she was able to invade the world and companies and funds, service economy , where Iraq?
The law infrastructure does not mean only government mandates contracting disbursement was initially $ 37 billion, and rose to 40 billion then to $ 42 billion, for projects not yet been identified accurately, and without providing any feasibility studies them, not in terms of their relationship to the national economy , not in terms of their impact on the future financial obligations of the state. I do not want here to talk about lofty statements, illogical, which speaks of an agreement with Chinese companies sober to build 2 million housing units during the period of 6 months and the amount specified in the proposed law.
You have reached Iraq's foreign debts inherited after reduction by international resolutions and conventions and about $ 13.4 billion. The loans internal and external to Iraq since 2003 about $ 17 billion, meaning that the total loans Iraq recognized amounted to 30.4 billion, excluding other obligations towards the Arab countries (Saudi Arabia and Kuwait) and that have not yet been identified or solutions to them. Is it reasonable to increase these obligations by 40-42 billion dollars, excluding benefits, without knowing the method of payment and duration, and the size of the resulting benefits of these loans.
The assertion that the negotiations have been with reputable international companies for the implementation of projects is not clearly identified, was not built on the basis of realistic feasibility studies, is the explicit recognition of the inability or the government's seriousness to fight rampant corruption in government departments. The question here is who will sign these contracts and management? Alice is the same administrative apparatus, which occurred decades electricity, which had been agreed upon with international companies sober and famous, as you say propaganda organs of the State, and instead we get a solution to the problem of electricity, has been deepened because of the lack of implementation of projects and the differences between the organs of the State, and whether we will be able to get rid of existing conflicts between the center and the region and the provinces in order to distribute and manage these projects.
It is well known that Iraq would be his weak position in negotiations with international companies sober in terms of identifying the expenses and the cost of construction and the amount of capital required and determine the interest rate, because first, he can not deal professionally with these companies, the weakness of the necessary preparations to determine the required projects, and that companies are which will be her capital, which will necessary studies, and the determination of the conditions of work, in order to ensure implementation of the projects in the form in which the government is talking about theory. How can the fight against corruption, and reduce costs and ensure implementation required in times and costs required, in light of the current situation, which is the fragility of the political situation and security, and rampant financial and administrative corruption, and weak oversight and account, and not to apply the principle of transparency and disclosure, and the weakness of the role of Parliament in this.