Legislative and executive branches have fought over management of the Iraqi Central Bank
Saturday 07/04/2012 20:30
BAGHDAD: A citizen at the time warned the Iraqi Council of Ministers of the Central Bank of Iraq of the consequences of the adoption of any tasks related to monetary policy without his consent, return of the Iraqi parliament these claims violations that can not be tolerated, especially since the Constitution gave the central independent authority under the supervision and control of the legislature without other.
(citizen) got the official letter issued by the General Secretariat of the Iraqi Council of Ministers with the number s / 02/01/26 at 15/3, which is directed to the Iraqi Central Bank which stated, "Based on what stated in Article (110 / III) of section IV of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq which indicated that the terms of reference of the federal authorities exclusive formulating monetary policy and the establishment of the Central Bank and its management, please provide the monetary policy of the Central Bank to the Council of Ministers for perusal and approval, the failure to adopt policies without approval by the Cabinet in the future.
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"first clashes are between the Central Bank of Iraq and the government occurred in 2011 when he refused to bank lending to the government from the balance of the cover of foreign currency, which currently exceeds more than 64 billion dollars deposited in U.S. banks, European, he promised the bank that amount that belongs to the people and the magnitude of the JD can not be manipulated.
According to the law of the Iraqi Central Bank No. 56 of 2004, is an independent entity and it is not binding in the implementation of government policies at the expense of sacrificing the goals of stability and macroeconomic equilibrium, in the words of Deputy Governor, the appearance of Mohammed Saleh, who stressed, "that the financing of public expenditure is outside the functions of the monetary authority and closely tasks and objectives of the state budget. "
Member of the Knesset Finance, Faleh valid Djiashi, between "that the Constitution is clear in defining the functions and powers of the executive branch and also the powers of other authorities, and here kept the Constitution on the policies of the central management of monetary policy within the law of the bank himself, and gave Parliament the power control on these policies. " He Djiashi that since 2004 and so far all actions of the central bank independent, professional not been affected by the jurisprudence of personal government officials and wills of political and partisan, and officials of the bank for them to attend local and international actors. "
The Djiashi he knows very well that the government warnings to the bank last came by long precedent when he refused to bank lending to the government of a cover currency $ 5 billion, and we Astgrbena the request of the Government how resort to withdraw the amount is a cover for its currency. He stressed that his committee will summon the Governor of the Central Bank to find out what these interventions, and how to exercise pressure on him by the government , especially that control the bank of the validity of Parliament exclusively.
As if the reason the government called for the bank to provide its policy for approval is the decision of the Trusteeship latter passed against the Warka Bank NCB, especially since the government started two years ago, the implementation strategy to support the private sector to enable it to manage the Iraqi economy in the future, said Djiashi that this issue will be discussed with Shabibi to determine if it was day conduct of correct and in accordance with the law or the impact of outsourcing and this is what left out. " and issued the CBI recently a decision to impose custody of one of the largest private banks, a Warka Bank Al Ahli, giving rise to a series of criticisms between the banking community and Parliament, economists, given that such decisions would weaken the power of the private sector and send messages of intimidation of foreign investors who wish to work in Iraq.
official source in the Union of Iraqi banks, which preferred not to be named among the "there's no doubt that the central bank and monetary policy adhering to the Since 2003 until now, with no development and the development and keep pace with market developments and performance, added a kind of inertia on the performance of the latter, and this allowed the other authorities to intervene in this policy, it is right to do so because it varies in its place. "
Deputy Governor, the appearance of Mohammed Saleh added that he and "according to the Constitution It is the right accountability of the Central Bank before the House of Representatives, and is not the government, with respect to its policy, objectives and this is a welcome being an independent body should be there on the other hand help them to move monetary policy. " Saleh continued, "We are ready to appear before the Parliament and to answer any question within the framework of monetary policy . "
With regard to the description of the parliament Book Council of Ministers of trying to interfere in the affairs of the bank, Saleh said that "fresh from the bank, according to law is the owner of an independent authority and the right of Parliament to monitor does not relieve him from the obligations of the limits of a particular toward the executive branch, the fact that the bank is a member of the Supreme Economic Council's Minister and our mission of coordination and consultation with the government being the State Bank to keep the public money, we the financial advisor to the government and an integral part of the structure of the state. "