Time the most important stations of the U.S. presence in Iraq
Monday 09/04/2012 10:26
Baghdad / range: Pass on the ninth anniversary of the change that took place in Iraq and led to the overthrow of Saddam, and the emergence of a new system. Began the process of invasion of Iraq 20/03/2003 at 5:30 am Baghdad time after 45 minutes, said the U.S. president that he issued orders directing (strike chance)
Which later learned it was a strike on a house he believed that Saddam is in it.
and led the United States an international coalition, has not been approved by the United Nations nor the mandate of the UN Security Council, composed of troops from 49 countries, and formed the U.S. military and British 98 per % of this coalition.
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And managed the American forces and with allied forces of occupation of the capital Baghdad on 9 April 2003, when it ended military battles on 2 May 2003, to begin with U.S. occupation forces to face sustained resistance from elements of Iraqi militant variety of trends in all regions of its presence in 15 provinces throughout the years occupation of Iraq, as well as elements of non-Iraqi Astdrjtha these forces to the Iraqi theater after it opened its international borders of Iraq to filter away from the other arenas in cities including the interests of the U.S. or Western, and caused the clashes in the ranks of the U.S. military more than 4484 people dead and more than 32 000 wounded According to statistics announced by the U.S. Department of Defense Pentagon, the statistics speak for other than official times for those losses.
On the nineteenth of March in 2003 was made by U.S. President George W. Bush made a statement in which he said that American forces began to hit the "selected targets" in Iraq in order to neutralize Iraq's weapons, and began the process of "Iraqi Freedom" strikes focused and violent against military targets Iraq with bombs, armor-piercing and Kherasanat , and targeted a number of farms outside Baghdad after it said faulty intelligence that Saddam was probably hiding in one of them.
it took American forces to less than a month in order to penetrate into the streets of the Iraqi capital. Said White House spokesman Ari Fletcher "as far as pleasure the U.S. President the progress of the military campaign in Iraq, but he is still worried because he knows that there are risks to come.
two months after the beginning of the invasion, the back of President George W. Bush on the U.S. aircraft carrier to announce the victory of the United States, But he was careful to emphasize that the war is not over, because in formal terms, the United States did not declare war, never on Iraq, on the one hand, and because the war was still continuing, on the other. has continued that status for more than eight full years.
December 13, 2003
"Ladies and gentlemen, I have Omsknah," was the words of Paul Bremer, the U.S. military to Iraq as he announced to reporters in Baghdad, the news of the capture of Saddam. Saddam was tried later before a court set up by the new Iraqi government and convicted of committing crimes during his rule, and was executed in 2006.
Abu Ghraib scandal in April 2004
spread images of U.S. soldiers inflicting humiliation of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison, and kept the space stations of America and the world. The U.S. military said that what is happening in the photos is the result of individual actions of those he called "some rotten apples" between the forces operating in Iraq. But in 2008, according to a report of the Armed Services Committee on Capitol Hill that torture was entrenched in the culture of the U.S. Army and has the approval of senior officials.
Suicide bombings, 2005
amounted to suicide bombings in Iraq peaked in 2005, where he signed 478 attack, and it seemed that the rebels have turned away from U.S. forces and began to target members of the police and military forces and Iraqi civilians, and entered Iraq in a spiral of deep sectarian strife between Sunnis and Shiites. This was ushered in a civil war in Iraq in 2007.
May 2006 the new government
of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, the Iraqi parliament to introduce the first Iraqi government since the fall of Saddam's regime despite the fact that the posts of defense and interior ministers remain vacant until the day and take positions Maliki himself. In July the coalition forces handed over control of Muthanna province to Iraqi forces for the first time since the fall of Saddam.
Plan enhancements in January 2007
in the face of increased insurgent attacks American administration decided to send large reinforcements to the hot spots in Iraq under the command of General David Petraeus, and a fresh approach to the war aimed at winning Iraqi hearts and minds. By 2008 decreased incidents of violence by 80% in some areas and began to think in the transfer of security responsibilities to Iraqi forces.
British troops to leave 30 / April 2009
the British forces down the British flag signaled the end of combat missions in Basra. In early 2011 peace last 81 of their soldiers, the British navy in the port of Umm Qasr to Iraqi navy. The war in Iraq resulted in the deaths of 179 British soldiers.
The start of the withdrawal of U.S. combat troops August 31, 2010
U.S. troops will leave Iraq, but 50 thousand U.S. troops will remain in Iraq to provide advice and training to Iraqi forces. And to express it was renamed the U.S. military operation in Iraq to the "New Dawn" instead of "freedom of Iraq."
Approaching the end November 2011
, U.S. President Barack Obama announced the end of U.S. military operations in Iraq, and is re-American forces with the Eid of birth, announcement came after the failure of U.S. and Iraqi governments to reach agreement on the provision of criminal immunity to American soldiers serving in Iraq, the immunity ensure that all of them to leave Iraq by the agreed date of 31 December 2011.
according to the latest numbers, and U.S. Department of Defense (Pentagon), the United States lost 4487 element in Iraq since the invasion of that country in what has become known as "Operation Iraqi Freedom" on the nineteenth of the month of March 2003.
On 31 August of 2010, with withdrawal of the last of a batch of U.S. combat forces from the race, the number of casualties among U.S. troops 4421 military, he spent 3492 of them during their participation in hostilities, while the number who were injured as a result of operations 32,000 people. been killed since 66 military, he spent including 38 during their participation in hostilities through their participation in what has become known as "Operation New Dawn."
The number of injured in their business fighting since the first of the month of September / September 2010, has reached 305 people.
Britain has lost 179 of its military personnel, men and women in Iraq, spent, including 136 through their participation in hostilities, while the killing of 139 elements of the forces of other countries participating in alliance international, depending on the location of any Kajoltez (icasualties).
While we note that it has been documented reasonably well for the victims who fell in the ranks of other countries participating in the coalition, we see it is difficult to monitor the number of killed from among civilians and Iraqi military, due to the absence of official figures that can be relied upon. There are highly controversial on all accounts and estimates on the number of casualties in Iraq.
has consistently "body count of Iraqi deaths" during the last period to collect, audit and scrutiny of the numbers of dead civilians, using this method depends on the province of the information contained in many media reports and other numbers of the points such as records of morgues. According to the body in question, the number of dead Iraqis who have died in Iraq until June of 2010 ranged between 97,461 and 106,348 people.
It was the month in which occurred the invasion of Iraq, ie, March of 2003, the bloodiest period, so if Given the number of civilian deaths, she says, "body count of Iraqi deaths," The 3977 Iraqi citizen a normal died in that month, and 3437 were killed in April of that year.
regulator says that the difference between the highest and lowest figures issued by it on the number of dead in Iraq attributed the contradictions contained in the reports on the number of those killed as a result of certain events, whether those victims are civilians or military personnel.
has led some of the reports and surveys to a wide range of guesses and estimates on the number of those killed in Iraq, has been estimated "survey the health of the Iraqi family" , which was supported by the United Nations, the number of those who died in Iraq due to violence in the period between the months of March 2003, June 2006 to 150 thousand people.
the journal "The Lancet" medical, has been published in the 2006 study estimated the number of Iraqis who spent by the war with 654,965 people, of whom 601,027 died as a result of the violence in the country.
and included all of the "Health Survey of the Iraqi family," and study "The Lancet" Statistics of the dead who fell in the ranks of civilian and military personnel and combatants. has received an unknown number of civilian contractors in Iraq killed , as published site "Aye Kajoltez" what he calls a partial list of those victims, including the names of the 467 contractors.
the financial cost of war is another area has been addressed and analyzed on a large scale. have been estimated and Research Unit in the U.S. Congress, a body research a prestigious and beyond the parties, that the U.S. had spent the end of fiscal year 2011 amounted to $ 802 billion U.S. dollars to finance the war, have already been allocated 747.6 billion dollars, of which.
However, both the U.S. economy Joseph Stiglitz, winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2001, and Linda J. running into, senior lecturer in public policy, finance and budgets in the U.S. Harvard University, believe that the real cost of the Iraq war may reached three trillion billion dollars, and that in if we take into account the additional effects of the war on the budget and the economy of Americans.
was funded by Britain's share of the cost of the war from the Fund of reservists Treasury, and those amounts are the additional funds allocated to support the regular budget of the Ministry of Defence. According to figures from the headquarters Presidency of the British government in June of 2010, the cost of participating British in the Iraq war reached 14.32 billion dollars, went mostly to finance military operations, and spent the amount of $ 861 million on aid.
In January of 2010, presented to the Commission of Inquiry the British in the war summary on Iraq shows how to finance the war on Iraq.
sectarian violence began to escalate in Iraq since early 2005. However, the bombing of a Shi'ite Imams in Samarra, in February of 2006 caused an escalation of the wave of attacks between Sunnis and Shiites more and more. Has forced so many Iraqi families to flee their homes and move to other areas in the country, or simply fled the country.
For its part, estimates the World Organization for Migration, which monitors the number of displaced families, to about 1.6 million Iraqis have been deported from their homes inside Iraq in the period between 2006 and 2010, and is that number 5.5 percent of the population of the country. have returned about 400 thousand of those displaced to their homes until the mid-2010, with most of them returned to the capital Baghdad and the provinces of Diyala and Nineveh, Anbar, according to the organization in question.