please from the Iraqi government to raise the value of the Iraqi dinar US dollar equals because who bought Iraqi dinar slaughtered hunger for that since that time it was released have not been revalued please you lift it even for one month and then , Rdjaoh the price you want to take advantage of the bought dinar you special sand and orphans deficits do good that God loves the doers of good , and God bless you and thank you
subgirl says to ol lar():GM and yes that is right WOW! :)
kalis says():HOW ARE WE DOING ?
kalis says():GETTING READY FOR THANKSGIVING AND THE RV IN JAN 2017
clay says to kalis():(y)
loop says():Licensing rounds to prevent Iraq from joining the countries to freeze oil production
Economy News / Baghdad Government officials, revealed the need for OPEC to Iraq exception of reducing oil production to the circumstances of the war being waged against al-operations (Daesh), as had to freeze oil production to compensate oil companies operating in the country and change the oil contract terms with the Iraqi government, described the process of freeze oil production Iraq when certain limits within OPEC agreement as "a financial blow to the country."
The Reuters agency in a report seen by the "Economy News", "The chances of Iraq's accession to invite OPEC to freeze production rates to boost oil prices will be weak and difficult to achieve because of Iraq based on industrial sources of oil and documentation oil contracts seen by the agency."
Reuters showed that "on Iraq to compensate for international oil companies in exchange for the losses incurred if adherence to the limits of production, which in turn will lead to a decline in imports and the rate of one dollar fee for each barrel."
On the other hand it indicated a source from the South Oil Company to "exclude get this thing because Iraq now encourages companies to increase production rather than restrained."
Role as a government official close to Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said that "the OPEC said that comply with the fact that Iraq should be excluded from the state to reduce production process because the country is going through an acute situation of the war being waged against Daesh and he needed any dollars to the sustainability of standing on its own feet."
The agency indicated that it "if Iraq acquiesces to calls for OPEC to freeze the production rates, according to the terms of the compensation provided for in the contracts with the companies, will be a financial blow to the country, shedding more oil sales needed by the returns."
The Agency pointed out that "the agreed terms of technical service contracts between international oil companies and state-run South Oil Company states that Iraq let loose a flat fee of $ one company for every barrel of oil produced from the field."
The agency stressed that "according to the text of the contract signed with BP Company Terms For example, it if requested by the other end of the company's adherence to a certain up of production,
the parties must agree then on a mechanism whereby the company financial losses incurred and are compensated immediately or as soon as possible. this may include compensation, among other things, modify the field production dates or extend the duration of the contract or pay all the money lost by the company or part of it. "
According to industrial sources of oil, these conditions are also provided in other companies signed contracts with Iraq, including Dutch Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil US and Italy's Eni.
The Organization of the oil-producing countries, OPEC agreed at its meeting in Algeria last September, to determine the total output ceiling at 32.5 to 33 million barrels per day, while the production of the organization arrived in the month of October to 33.64 million barrels per day.AJ
clay says():thanks brother
rcookie says to clay():OK....BEFORE FOOTBALL.....LAST INSTALLMENT OF EARLIER OECD REPORT...AND THIS IS BIG ONE.......
rcookie says to clay():ANYONE INTERESTED.....
bookumdano says():oh ya
loop says to rcookie():Oh oh oh... I am .. I am..
rcookie says to clay():EVERYONE KEEP IN MIND WHO THE MENA COUNTIES ARE CONCERNING THIS REPORT....
clay says to rcookie():yes
clay says to rcookie():very
rcookie says():OK...CONCRNING KEY YJEMES TO INVESTMENT LAWS..........
rcookie says():ENTRY....INVESTOR GUARANTEEES...POSITIVE VS NEGATIVE LIST...SCREENING/APPROVAL PROCEDURES...
INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS...INVESTMENT INCENTIVES...COHERENCE WITH INT'L OBLIGATIONS........
rcookie says():THIS IS THE INVESTOR GUARANTEES.......
kalis says to rcookie():(y)
rcookie says():IV. INVESTOR GUARANTEES
rcookie says():32. The February 2006 MENA Ministerial Declaration is complemented by a set of recommendations which have been elaborated by the MENA-OECD Investment Programme.9 These refer to emerging standards in domestic investment regulations as well as in international investment agreements and encompass the following principles protecting private investors:
rcookie says():Granting of national treatment to foreign investors at the post-establishment stage;The principle that exceptions should be clearly and precisely formulated and periodically reviewed;
The principle of fair and equitable treatment of domestic and foreign investments enshrined including full protection of property rights including intellectual property;Provision of high standards of compensation for direct and indirect expropriation;Unrestricted access of investors to effective national and international dispute settlement mechanisms.
clay says to Doug_W():gonna miss us where we need in most
rcookie says():33.is demonstrated by the increasing number of BITs, signed in recent years as well as protection and guarantee provisions in their investment laws. Nonetheless, it must be noted that certain countries have not yet granted these guarantees to foreign investors in their investment laws.
rcookie says():A. National Treatment
rcookie says():34.territory which are controlled by the nationals of another country, no less favourably than domestic enterprises in similar circumstances. The National Treatment Instrument addresses the treatment of foreign- controlled enterprises after their establishment.
rcookie says():35. For OECD member countries, the National Treatment approach adopted by the OECD Investment Committee obliges adhering countries to notify their exceptions within the framework provided by the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises‟ National Treatment Instrument („negative list‟ obligation). The National Treatment instrument consists of two elements:
rcookie says():A declaration of principle, which forms part of the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises ; and,
rcookie says():A procedural OECD Council Decision, which obliges adhering countries to notify their exceptions to National Treatment, and establishes follow-up procedures to deal with such exceptions in the OECD.„National treatment‟ refers to the commitment of a country to treat enterprises operating in its
rcookie says():36.2007) is bound by its obligations under the National Treatment Instrument.10 Other countries which have adhered to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, as well as to the related Decisions and Recommendations by the OECD Council, including the National Treatment instrument, are the thirty OECD member countries and nine non-member economies.
rcookie says():37. The follow-up procedures included in National Treatment Instrument, designed to encourage a complete application of this concept by adhering countries, are set out in an OECD Council Decision of December 1991.
The Decision comprises of an Annex which lists exceptions to National Treatment as notified by each adhering country and accepted by the OECD Council.
rcookie says():STAY WITH ME HERE DU......
rcookie says():38. The exceptions to National Treatment are periodically examined by the Investment Committee. These examinations result in a decision by the OECD Council, which formulates proposals for action by the country concerned. The results of the examinations are published in the series OECD Reviews of Foreign Direct Investment.
rcookie says():39. National Treatment has become a well-established principle among adhering countries. Exceptions are typically limited to certain sectors, notably mining, transport, fisheries, broadcasting and telecommunications.
Even then, many exceptions are of a limited nature and are reduced in scope or suppressed as a result of unilateral measures by the countries themselves, or as a result of examinations.
rcookie says():40. Another difference is that the Code is legally binding on adhering countries, whereas the National Treatment Instrument is not: for adhering countries, national treatment of foreign-controlled enterprises on their territories constitutes a voluntary undertaking.
However, it was underpinned in 1988 by a unanimous pledge of all adhering countries to refrain from introducing new exceptions (" a standstill pledge").
rcookie says():B. Expropriation
rcookie says():41. Private investors, especially in long-term projects, are often subject to the risk that future governments of the host country will implement changes in the domestic legislation which could affect negatively their investment.
Although the area of large scale nationalisations of foreign owned industries is a story from the past, expropriation of an investment can still occur in many forms.
Besides the direct expropriation, government measures not directly targeted at the property of an investor can still affect his property in the form of an indirect expropriation.
rcookie says():42. The majority of the MENA countries‟ investment laws include legal guarantees against expropriation. Moreover, international investment agreements concluded by MENA countries (BITs, ICSID subscription) provide for guarantees in the case of expropriation.
These agreements tend to preserve the international minimum standard, according to which expropriation is only lawful when it is carried out for a clear public purpose, without discrimination and upon payment of „prompt, adequate and effective compensation‟.11
rcookie says():OK....HERE IT IS.....HAVE BROUGHT IN BEFORE WHEN TALKING ABOUT IRAQS ARTICLE VIII BREACH......BUT REMEMBER THIS IS THE OECD TALKING HERE.......READY?.......
clay says to rcookie():(y)
jimplants says():that airplane might be rolling down the runway very soon
Soonergirlie says to jimplants():(y)
clay says to jimplants():(y)
rcookie says():C. Free Transfer