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I think it's important that people understand what their Constitution says about what's happening.
There seems to be a lot of confusion about how and when the election of the new Prime Minister will take place. Many seem to think that as soon as the National Alliance gives the President of the Republic the name of their nominee, they will vote on him in Parliament.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Here’s what the Iraq Constitution says about it. If you don’t believe me, copy the link below and look at Article 76.
First: The President of the Republic shall name the nominee of the Council of Representatives bloc with the largest number to form the Cabinet within fifteen days from the date of the election of the president of the republic.
Second: The Prime Minister-designate shall undertake the naming of the members of his Cabinet within a period not to exceed thirty days from the date of his designation.
Third: In case the Prime Minister-designate fails to form the cabinet during the period specified in clause "Second," the President of the Republic shall name a new nominee for the post of Prime Minister within fifteen days.
Fourth: The Prime Minister-designate shall present the names of his Cabinet members and the ministerial program to the Council of Representatives. He is deemed to have gained its confidence upon the approval, by an absolute majority of the Council of Representatives, of the individual Ministers and the ministerial program.
Fifth: The President of the Republic shall name another nominee to form the cabinet within fifteen days in case the Cabinet did not gain the confidence.
As you can see, the President, within 15 days of his election, tells the PM nominee to form a Cabinet (the Council of Ministers) within 30 days. Note that it says “the nominee of the Council of Representatives bloc with the largest number”, not the bloc that got the most votes in the election, like Maliki claims.
So, the nominee has 30 days to fill his Cabinet with ministers. At the end of that 30 days, or before, he must present his Cabinet nominees, and his overall program for the government, to the Parliament.
Only then do they vote. And it doesn’t say they vote for him specifically, it says they vote on his Cabinet members, and his program.