Where are the advantages and disadvantages of entering Iraq to the World Trade Organization?
Writing and photography /
Faris Al-Shammari is still a difference in the feasibility of Iraq's accession to the World Trade Organization to exist between the various levels of government and economic elites and professional organizations representing sectors of the variety of private sector and
since 2004 has been accepted Iraq's request to join as an observer, and since then rolled meetings by the national committees negotiating with representatives of the organization are still questions revolve in various forums about the feasibility of joining and the statement of pros and cons on the reality and the future of the economy and Iraq ..
* this framework and within the project of dialogue between the public and private sectors proceeded Iraqi Businessmen Union in collaboration with the Center for International Private Enterprise organizes conferences and seminars discussion dealt with ways to revitalize the Iraqi economy and the advancement of the system of banking and market economy, and
came up with recommendations involving scientific experts and representatives of the ministries and deputies, academics and professional organizations, local and international.
Today Baader Union held a seminar economic quality of the feasibility of Iraq's accession to the World Trade Organization and discuss the pros and cons and the national budget ..
For more information about the objectives and themes symposium said Union Dr. Abdul Muti pumice official Advisory Service, where he occupies Iraq now recipe observer member of the organization and means it as to create himself to join the organization and has already participating in three rounds of negotiations, most recently in 2013 and held for this purpose (30 ) meeting and a panel of local and holds today an expanded meeting with the participation of experts and specialists and officials from the public and private sectors .. and
about the general attitude of WTO accession explained pumice .. most economists want to better integrate into the global economy because it would increase the flow of information and technology, goods, services, capital and ideas, but this desire accompanied warned in the ability to participate fully in the global commercial activity. He added ..
Yes Iraq has taken steps toward the liberation of the Iraqi market is that we did not get the results we expected, a condition feared to lead to impatience social .. including how long we remain a market for foreign goods, and we do not have an active role in world trade in order to achieve satisfaction of social?
But this caution Aaghei global need for the existence of a global trading system Agreed .. and that requires negotiation and have a way to reach an agreement delicate and keen to achieve national interests within the framework of a universal joint.
Here, he says pumice .. useful guided strategy of the private sector in Iraq for the years (2014 2030), which believes that the private sector is integrated at the local and global markets, including product quality, competitiveness and attractive investment environment for capital , domestic and foreign.
* In the word Opening the head of the Union of businessmen Mr. Reza Ragheb Blibl seeks our union to hold a series of meetings highlighting the suffering of our economy and putting it on the line of a market economy gradually
so as to create the rudiments enter Iraq to the World Trade Organization, and our union has visions and positions including both positive and many negative.
So the duty of specialists enter the organization, which is chaired by the Minister of Trade and the formation of a committee to negotiate and we are privileged to attend Vtlort our point of view about the Commission's work and feel that have the efficiency and expertise and information ..
Our position is part of the attitude of the private sector and the sub-committees. Because we feel that Iraq must be immune, and we are working on changing the laws of the totalitarian regime, this is the terms of the organization must be re-examined them ..
The focus from here to that available climates appropriate to pursue Iraqi economy discreet .. and about the role of the state and the Economic Commission noted Blibl to the importance of supporting state economic sectors, especially the agricultural initiative and the benediction of its support since 2008 and its positive results and
we hope to have industrial initiative which we presented to the Prime Minister on February 14, 2014 to represent its role in the provision of goods and goods and services and the duty cycle of the country and continue to demand laws that limit the work of your activity ..
The head of the Union in his belief that we have many difficulties that did not pay attention to it .. and we have to work to change the equation of the reality and the work of the private sector for the benefits instead of being damaged .. negotiate professionally ..
* For his part, reviewed the director of the Center for International Private Enterprise Mr. Mohamed Alaa El Din Center's activities and support since 2003 for many organizations and business associations in order to develop their own institution and its role influential in the economic process,
including several programs and agendas of business across the provinces and the Kurdistan region and Matlaha of meetings to rally support for the implementation of the reforms ..
have concluded that the programs as a whole need to activation of dialogue between the public and private sectors and legislative reform, which aims to find a work environment and encourage the private sector gives him the opportunity to participate actively in the economic and social development,
similar to the States that the private sector is an important partner and influential role in economic decision-making.
He Aladdin .. that Iraq's accession to the WTO may become necessary, especially since the identity of the Iraqi economy in the new Iraq is a free market economy which is guaranteed by the Constitution ..
The WTO accession advantages and positives of the most important benefit from the technological advances of the member states and to the benefit of the productive sector of the Iraqi and allows his ability to compete in the future, taking into consideration the difficulties and potential losses initially,
this is in addition to the opening up of Iraq on the global markets and investors, capital and integration with the global financial system and attendance at international forums and move the Iraqi economy, which suffers from isolation for a long time ..!
He said the center's director to phrase the problems encountered in the production sector, Iraq imports almost everything and exported crude oil only, and it Vontsab Iraq of the organization placing the current economic will make it a market for products member states without contribution in export and production.
So we negotiated a highly professional manner to get the gains of Iraq, taking advantage of exceptions Available spaces preferential to developing countries,
should be on Iraq advancement sector productivity and encourage the export and re-Iraqi products for the domestic and international markets and visit their competitiveness and activate Laws stalled with the relationship before joining the organization ..
especially that join the current situation will saddle product Iraqi weary mainly of dumping and the inability to compete with imported products.
He called at the conclusion of his speech, also to restructure the Iraqi economy in the sectors of industry, commerce, agriculture, services and reform of economic system. efforts and attempts to join the educated
* at the symposium representative of the Ministry of Commerce, director of the World Trade Organization from the Department of Foreign Economic Relations and a member of the National Committee of the negotiating team, Mr. Tharwat Akram Salman
The paper reviewed the request for Iraq to join officially in 2004 and the same year he was admitted to the meeting of the Organization as an observer and then also the formation of the National Commission on joining headed by the Minister of Commerce and members of other ministries, the private sector and the number (35) members.
As was lifted notes and questions and inquiries reciprocal since 2005 and began working group meetings the first years 2007 and 2008 and added .. requirements the current stage for Iraq and it completed initial commitments for trade in services file, and then complete the initial bid for the tables of goods with the member states,
so as to create the negotiating team of Iraqi and prepare to enter into bilateral negotiations art .. and accept Salman ..
benefits and positives of joining the Iraq .. concentrated stimulate the Iraqi products to develop their competitiveness in goods and services, with the availability of many opportunities and vast investment will lead to increased employment opportunities and reduce unemployment and increase the number of jobs that already exist,
and increase foreign investment works to fill the need for capital and thus reflected positively on the increased balance of Iraq's hard currency, and raise the level of growth in the gross domestic product of Iraq,
Faalandmam will help double the trade and reduce costs and stimulate the economy .. and increased commercial activity will increase the resources of the State of income taxes, both on companies or individuals and an increase in revenues of customs and fees
.. Another benefit adds Salman .. join means the flow of expertise and modern technology and methods developed in the administration and the level of services, and business services, and also allow the organization to the protection of goods and local products from harmful practices in international trade and
allowing the development of the restrictions against imported goods that lead to prejudice Palmoizian trade and balance of payments, or the increase in imports unjustified and
allow to issue the necessary legislation to anti-dumping, and
also allow the organization to promote censorship and control and broad preventive measures on the entry of imported materials in order to minimize the consumer goods Alrdih imported from origins unknown thus contributing to the protection of the consumer, and
joining will lead to encourage Iraq to develop a good foundation for economic reform, legislative and orientation to build strong institutions and
effective increase the efficiency of the state, as the laws are clear and regulations transparent adopted by the organization will reduce the chances of corruption .. and thus
will be available for Iraq ruled fair and equitable in the case of entry dispute commercial with a Member State through the resolution of conflicts in the organization ..
In addition, the membership will make Iraq a participant in the policy-making world trade and not a receiver to it.
* With regard to the most important challenges of the accession of Iraq said the representative of the ministry said that the estimated negative impact not something easy and requires in-depth studies of the activities of commodity production and service and over and over Taqlmh with the requirements of the global trading system, as well as unequal economies of Iraq in the industrial and agricultural sector will not qualify to compete successful with the products of many of the member states, and thus Faalandmam may impose abandon some policies about the laws currently in force,
as the reality is a fragile industry, agriculture, and weakness in front of the competition commodity and service with goods and services enshrined may lead to the closure of some factories and companies vulnerable uncompetitive,
and here he adds Salman us that Antba Policy burning stages and scrambling to join without accounts deliberate and the level of awareness and media including Heya this organization ..
and the effects that the reality of commodity production and service is still underdeveloped and lacks Rkanz and infrastructure sober for the advancement of it,
whether at the level of legislation or the application as well as the weak performance of other activities to help which reflected negatively on the reality of the private sector,
which was characterized by immaturity and the inability to the possibility of playing the role assumed his current stage ..
Ironically, the three * economic expert, Dr. appearance of Mohammed Saleh addressed in his paper to the adoption of Iraq since 2003, the policies of openness and wide around the world and sought to establish economic rules and important legislative work according to the mechanics of the market system.
Comments may be made at the end of PART 2 Thank You